用意・ようい: get ready - basically it means the same as 準備 but it isn't used as often.

準備・ じゅんび: to get ready (to go to school, to go on vacation, to go camping)

備える そなえる - prepare, in the sense of set some shit aside for an emergency. (for instance, by saving money for a rainy day, or by stocking the basement with canned food for when the Apocalypse comes).

xxxしておく: to arrange something in advance ('Come over at 8, I'll have the beer chilled and ready.' 'I'll have the apartment cleaned and ready for our communist meeting.')


構える・かまえる; ???

訓: もう*ける: to establish, provide, prepare ???? (**)