there are two words for literary , film, or art criticism (both words can mean harsh judgement but not necessairly so)

 批評する:ひひょうする: review of one specific performance (showbiz event, exhibition, play, etc.) More commonly used as a verb.

 評論:ひょうろん; critique of an entire genre. More often literary (novels, ) Usually used as a noun.

........................ there are two words for finding fault with someone;

 批判: ひはん: broad meaning. to criticize something for a reason. Usually about people but can be used about books, movies, bad TV, etc.

非難 :ひなん: to just criticise someone for no reason, to nag or yell.